Breuer, Josef

(1842–1925)
   An internist and physiologist, Breuer was born in Vienna, the son of a Jewish religious teacher. A graduate of one of the capital city’s most prestigious secondary schools, the Academic Gymnasium, he was the first to locate the autonomic control of breathing in the vagus nerve. An abidingly modest man, Breuer’s place in medical history is largely the result of his relationship, which dated from the late 1870s, with the young Sigmund Freud. It was Breuer who encouraged his junior colleague to move from physiology into general practice and from there to psychiatry.
   Breuer developed the so-called talking cure for neuroses while treating a Vienna-born Jewish girl, Bertha Pappenheim, later to become famous as Anna O. Though periodically lucid, she frequently suffered from crippling episodes of sleepwalking, paralysis in her limbs, and numerous false pregnancies. Encouraging her to speak while he had her under hypnosis, Breuer discovered that her symptoms and the fantasies associated with them subsided after she talked about them. Working from the hypothesis that his patient’s troubles stemmed from long-repressed inner conflicts, he concluded that by bringing these issues to the level of the conscious, he could free the young woman from their worst effects. He himself became so distressed by listening to these outpourings that, after she left his treatment, he turned all similar cases over to Freud. The two men continued to collaborate however, publishing their Studies on Hysteria in 1895.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Breuer, Josef — ▪ Austrian physician born January 15, 1842, Vienna, Austria died June 20, 1925, Vienna  Austrian physician and physiologist who was acknowledged by Sigmund Freud (Freud, Sigmund) and others as the principal forerunner of psychoanalysis. Breuer… …   Universalium

  • Josef Breuer — en 1877 (35 años). Publicado en su Currículum vitae. Reproducción del archivo del Instituto de Historia de Medicina, Viena, Austria. Nacimiento 15 de enero de 1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Josef Breuer — (* 15. Januar 1842 in Wien; † 25. Juni 1925 in Wien) war ein Wiener Arzt, Physiologe und Philosoph. Neben Sigmund Freud gilt er als Mitbegründer der Psychoanalyse. Josef Breuer mit 35 Jahren (1877). Porträtfoto aus seinem Curriculum vitae …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josef Breuer — (January 15, 1842 – June 20, 1925) was an Austrian physician whose works lay the foundation of psychoanalysis.Born in Vienna, his father, Leopold Breuer, taught religion in Vienna s Jewish community. Breuer s mother died when he was quite young,… …   Wikipedia

  • Josef Ackermann — Josef „Joe“ Meinrad Ackermann (* 7. Februar 1948 in Mels[1], Kanton St. Gallen, Schweiz) ist ein Bankmanager …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BREUER (J.) — BREUER JOSEF (1842 1925) Médecin et physiologiste autrichien, qui travailla avec Freud sur la théorie des névroses. Breuer, avant d’entrer en rapport avec le fondateur de la psychanalyse, était déjà un savant établi, jouissant d’une excellente… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Josef Abs — Hermann Josef Abs in den 1970er Jahren Hermann Josef Abs (* 15. Oktober 1901 in Bonn; † 5. Februar 1994 in Bad Soden am Taunus) war ein bekannter deutscher Bankier und von 1957 bis 1967 Vorstandssprecher der Deutschen Bank AG …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Breuer — ist ein Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name gehört zu dem Bereich der Berufsnamen und bezeichnet den Brauer und Mälzer. Bekannte Namensträger Carolyn Breuer (* 1969), deutsche Sopran und Altsaxophonistin Christian Breuer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josef Breuer (Schachspieler) — Josef Johann Breuer (* 7. Januar 1903 in Köln; † 2. August 1981 in Wildbergerhütte) war ein bedeutender deutscher Komponist im Schach. Auch international fand er Anerkennung. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Schachkomposition 2 Turnierschach …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josef Winckler — Josef Winckler, ca. 1925 mit freundlicher Genehmigung der Nyland Stiftung, Köln Alfred Joseph Werner Winckler (* 7. Juli 1881 in Bentlage bei Rheine; † 29. Januar 1966 in Bensberg) war ein westfälischer Schriftsteller. Sein bekanntestes Werk Der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.